Amboli Chaukul is a secluded hill station that has recently been discovered to be a haven for endemic wildlife not to be found or seen in any other parts of Maharashtra state.
Worlds Eco Hot Spot
amboli Chaukul is not a part of any Wild life Sanctuary, but it can boast of flora and fauna that could attract any naturalist in its bountiful nature.Few people are aware that Amboli Chaukul has been qualified and declared as a "Biodiversity Hotspot on Myers 2000 edition of the Hotspot Map. As a Biodiversity spot Amboli Chaukul hill station, its valleys and surrounding forests contain at least 0.5% or 1,500 species of vascular plants as endemics and it also has at least lost 70% of its primary vegetation to the growing forest lands. Amboli Chaukul hill station is one of the exclusive 35 places around the world that has unique endemic species abounding in this region.
Watch Natures Miracle Bloom once in Seven Years: The Karvi Tree Flower
One can spot or notice this very exotic and unusual flower that grows in very few places in India such as Matheran, Amboli Chaukul and in Northern Karnataka. The Karvi Tree Flower blooms only once in seven years all over Amboli Chaukul and it changes the entire landscape of Amboli Chaukul from Purple blue to pink giving a totally different perspective to the evergreen landscape of Amboli Chaukul.Every seven years, Amboli Chaukul Hill Station and its surrounding valleys are blessed with the mass flowering of "STROBIANTHUS" species locally called as KARVI. Literally thousands of these flowers blooming and blossoming wildly gives a natural purple hue to the green carpets of Amboli Chaukul's topography. Karwi is a group of seven species of shrubs, endemic to the Western Ghats, famous because they rarely bloom. This particular species, the Nilgirianthus reticulatus (locally known as Bhui Karwi) only blooms once in seven years in Amboli Chaukul. Every Karwi species has its own flowering cycle. The plants of one species usually flower together to enable better cross-pollination and giving the species its best chance at survival. The gap in between two flowering cycle's ranges from 7 to 13 years depending on the species and the geographical location too.Since the Karvi flowers bloom so rarely, it is critical that they pollinate when they do. This is why they are naturally packed with nectar to attract insects and to ensure effective cross-pollination. In the seasons that it blooms, locals harvest Karwi honey. Karvi Honey is a rare and special treat.
Amboli Chaukul Hill Station is one of the 4 Bio Diversity Eco Hot Spots of India.
Amboli Chaukul lies in the Western hills (Ghats) of India, one of the world's "Eco Hot-Spots" and it therefore abounds in a variety of fairly unique flora and fauna. Historically the Western Ghats were well-covered in dense forests that provided wild foods and natural habitats for native tribal people. Its isolation made it hard for people from the plains to cultivate the land and build houses over here for settling down permanently. The area is ecologically sensitive to development and was declared an ecological hotspot in 1988 through the efforts of ecologist Norman Myers.
Amboli Chaukul's Wildlife
The range is home to at least 84 amphibian species, 16 bird species, seven mammals, and 1,600 flowering plants which are not found elsewhere in the world. Amboli Chaukul is a constant surprise to nature lovers. Butterflies which are not found in rest of Maharashtra like Southern Birdwing, Malabar Tree Nymph, and Malabar Raven etc can be found in this forest. If we consider herpatofauna (reptiles) then Amboli Chaukul is extremely rich. Many endemic species of skinks, geckos, lizards, snakes can be found there easily. Snakes like pied shield tail, Malabar pit viper which are rare for any other forest in Maharashtra can be easily found in this jungle. Malabar gliding frog is totally endemic to Malabar region can be seen in this forest and it's a star attraction of the forests of Amboli Chaukul.